King Josiah attempted to block the Egyptian forces, and fell mortally wounded in battle at Megiddo. 18:20-27) did right: Solomon (AKA Jedidiah) son: did right in youth, evil in old age * The kingdom was divided during Ishbosheth's reign; David was king over the tribe of Judah. At that time all the kingdoms around Judah were in confusion. On the tenth day of the month of Tammuz in the year 586 BCE they breached the walls and on the ninth day of the month of Av, about a month later, they burned the Temple to the ground. When Zedekiah and his entourage emerged they were all captured. One might think that the Jewish people would have resented him, because he and his policies were the means by which they were doomed. Almost until our time, there were markers in Babylon (modern day Iraq), near the city of Baghdad, that claimed to be the tombs of the Judean kings who died there. Egypt, concerned about the new threat, moved northward to support Assyria. Zedekiah experienced the triumph of outliving Nebuchadnezzar. They took it as the prophet said: it had to happen. These Babylonian records related to Jehoiachin's reign are consistent with the fall of the city in 587 but not in 586, thus vindicating Albright's date. The Kings of Judah were the monarchs who ruled over the ancient Kingdom of Judah.According to the biblical account, this kingdom was founded after the death of Saul, when the tribe of Judah elevated David to rule over it. Question: "Who was King Zedekiah in the Bible?" Solomon's Temple was destroyed. Zedekiah had been installed as king of Judah by Nebuchadnezzar II, king of Babylon, after a siege of Jerusalem in 597 BC, to succeed his nephew, Jehoiachin, who was overthrown as king after a reign of only three months and ten days. Zedekiah and his followers attempted to escape, making their way out of the city, but were captured on the plains of Jericho, and were taken to Riblah. Nebuchadnezzar was well-acquainted with Jewish customs and knew that Jews were loathe to break a vow taken with God’s name. On the outside, they had to rejoice and act as good Babylonians. He was going tell king and countryman alike that the end was imminent. Zedekiah was guilty of sins of omission rather than ones of commission. He paid tribute from the treasury, some temple artifacts, and some of the royal family and nobility as hostages. That event took place eleven years before the destruction of the Temple. According to tradition, however, Zedekiah died within the month of his release. A king of his own choice he appointed in the city (and) taking the vast tribute he brought it into Babylon.". Despite the strong remonstrances of Jeremiah, Baruch ben Neriah and his other family and advisors, as well as the example of Jehoiakim, he revolted against Babylon, and entered into an alliance with Pharaoh Hophra of Egypt. They convinced him to break his vow and rebel against Nebuchadnezzar. The general rule with prophecies of a negative nature is that they can be retracted by the sincerest of repentance. Zedekiah’s original name was Mattaniah. Although he was ostensibly certain of victory, and confident in his advisors, he had prepared the tunnel just in case they were wrong. The problem has been to determine the year. Kings of the United Kingdom (c 1025-925 BC) King Relationship to Previous King God's Judgment; Saul: none: did evil: Ishbosheth* son: David: none son-in-law of Saul (1 Sam. Zedekiah's reign ended with the siege and fall of Jerusalem to Nebuchadnezzar II, which has been dated to 587 or 586 BC.. Only prophecies for good are irreversible. The Jews held that Zedekiah was a righteous person from the outset and did not blame him for what happened. There are always consequences. Zedekiah had been installed as king of Judah by Nebuchadnezzar II, king of Babylon, after a siege of Jerusalem in 597 BC, to succeed his nephew, Jehoiachin, who was overthrown as king after a reign of only three months and ten days. The Kings of Judah. In truth, Jeremiah, as well as the people, knew that prophecies portending evil were never final.  The subsequent failure of the Babylonian invasion into Egypt undermined Babylonian control of the area, and after three years, Jehoiakim switched allegiance back to the Egyptians and ceased paying the tribute to Babylon. It did take long, however, for Zedekiah to rebel. “Kill me first,” he told the Babylonian tyrant, “because I do not want to see the death of my sons.” His sons said the same: they wanted to be killed first so that they should not have to see the death of their father. But your eyes will never see Babylon.” Zedekiah had dismissed it. At the end of Zedekiah's eleven-year reign, Nebuchadnezzar succeeded in capturing Jerusalem. Here, however, he was more malevolent, because he felt personally betrayed by Zedekiah’s breaking of the oath. Now, when he came to Babylon blind he said, “Here I am in Babylon and the prophet was correct.”. The Southern Kingdom consisted of 2 tribes (Judah and Benjamin). Jehoiakim changed allegiances to avoid the destruction of Jerusalem. It took great courage to free him, but the righteous Zedekiah did so.