It was named for Leonidas Polk, a West Point graduate, planter, slave owner and Episcopal bishop who began the Civil War as a major general in the Confederate Army, according to the National Park Service. Some of the military installations acknowledge their namesakes on their websites. Writing in The Atlantic, he said that not only was Bragg an undistinguished military commander, but that he and other Confederates also committed treason and the “Army should not brook any celebration of those who betrayed their country.”. Mr. Benavidez received the Medal of Honor from President Ronald Reagan for heroism while wounded in the Vietnam War and then fought to keep the government from cutting off his disability payments. Here’s a look at the 10 Army installations and the Confederate leaders for whom they were named. Gen. Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard, Brady-Handy Collection/Library of Congress. The League of United Latin American Citizens, commonly known as LULAC, has adopted a resolution to rename the base for Roy P. Benavidez, a Green Beret sergeant born in South Texas. He died on July 30, 1875. Sprawling over nearly 215,000 acres, Fort Hood is the only post in the United States capable of stationing and training two armored divisions. director, is among those who have argued that the base should be renamed. Fort Rucker, which covers about 63,000 acres in southeastern Alabama, serves as the headquarters for U.S. Army Aviation. Gen. Pierre G.T. Beauregard. Camp Beauregard serves as the primary annual training site for the Louisiana National Guard. Now, as protests over the death of George Floyd have led to a broader reckoning over the many monuments and memorials that honor men who fought to preserve slavery and uphold white supremacy, a fresh debate is occurring over whether to rename these installations. On Thursday, Mayor Bill de Blasio of New York called on military officials to rename another place named for Lee, General Lee Avenue, a major road through the Fort Hamilton Army base in Brooklyn. A debate is unfolding over whether to rename the installations, as part of a broader national reckoning over buildings, monuments and memorials to men who fought to preserve slavery and uphold white supremacy. He died in 1998. Fort A.P. It was established on Sept. 4, 1918, and named Camp Bragg, in honor of Gen. Braxton Bragg, a native of North Carolina and a West Point graduate who fought in the Mexican-American War and later for the Confederacy, commanding the Army of Tennessee during the Civil War. David H. Petraeus, a retired general and former C.I.A. In early june, a Pentagon official said that Defense Secretary Mark T. Esper and Army Secretary Ryan D. McCarthy were “open to a bipartisan discussion on the topic” of removing Confederate names from the bases. In October 1955, it was renamed Fort Rucker. After the war, Pickett became an insurance salesman in Richmond, Va. It was formally dedicated as Camp Pickett at 3 p.m. on July 3, 1942, exactly 79 years to the day and hour after Maj. Gen. George E. Pickett, a Virginia-born Confederate officer, helped lead the bloody and ill-fated assault known as Pickett’s Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg. “His name should be taken off everything in America, period,” Mr. de Blasio said. Established during the early months of World War II, the original name of the post was Ozark Triangular Division Camp. Fort Benning is home to the U.S. Army Maneuver Center of Excellence, which includes the U.S. Army Infantry and Armor Schools. It was established as Camp Benning on Oct. 7, 1918, during World War I and was named for Gen. Henry Lewis Benning, a local Confederate officer who had served on the Georgia Supreme Court before the Civil War. Fort Lee was established as Camp Lee in … The base was named for John Bell Hood, a Kentucky-born West Point graduate who resigned his commission in the United States military and became a Confederate cavalry captain after the Civil War began in 1861, according to the National Park Service. But before the post officially opened on May 1, 1942, the War Department named it Camp Rucker. Its first superintendent was William Tecumseh Sherman, who went on to become a famous commander of the Union Army, while most of his students fought for the Confederacy, according to the Louisiana National Guard Museums. Fort Lee, an Army base 25 miles south of Richmond, Va., was built during the mobilization for World War I. In The Atlantic, Mr. Petraeus called Benning “such an enthusiast for slavery that as early as 1849 he argued for the dissolution of the Union and the formation of a Southern slavocracy.”, These Are the 10 U.S. Army Installations Named for Confederates, Brig. Cook Collection, Valentine Museum, Richmond, Va. Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images, 10 Army bases bear the names of Confederate officers, according to the National Governors Association. It was during Washington's retreat in November 1776 (beginning along a road which is now Main Street) that Thomas Paine composed his pamphlet, The American Crisis, which began with the recognized phrase, "These are the times that try men's souls." After the war, he practiced law in Columbus, Ga. Fort Bragg, known as the home of Airborne and Special Operations forces, is the largest United States Army base, with approximately 57,000 military personnel, 11,000 civilian employees and 23,000 family members. Pickett had graduated last in his class at West Point and had fought in the Mexican-American War before he resigned his commission in the U.S. military to join the Confederate Army in 1861, according to the National Park Service. The fort was named for Confederate General Robert E. Lee and is located on historic grounds where European settlers first met the Powhatan Confederation in 1607 and where Captain John Smith set up some of the first plantations along the James River. Beauregard, a Louisiana-born Confederate military commander. It was established as an Army training facility on June 11, 1941. It was established in 1942, at the beginning of the United States involvement in World War II. Others, like Fort Hood in Texas, make no mention on their websites of the Confederate officers whose legacies they honor. The Army designated it as Camp Lee on July 15, 1917, naming it in honor of Robert E… President Trump, however, has flatly rejected any such discussions, writing on Twitter that “my Administration will not even consider the renaming of these Magnificent and Fabled Military Installations.”. On March 1, 1861, he became the first Confederate general officer with the rank of brigadier general and took command of the Confederate forces in Charleston, S.C. A Virginia-born West Point graduate, Lee was appointed the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia in 1862, and he led Confederate troops in several battles before surrendering to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in 1865. According to the National Park Service, he helped to capture the Union garrison at Harpers Ferry in 1862 before a Union soldier shot and killed him on April 2, 1865. Fort Lee, in Prince George County, Virginia, United States, is a United States Army post and headquarters of the United States Army Combined Arms Support Command (CASCOM)/ Sustainment Center of Excellence (SCoE), the U.S. Army Quartermaster School, the U.S. Army Ordnance School, The U.S. Army Transportation School, the Army Logistics University (ALU), Defense Contract Management Agency (DCMA), and the U.S. Defense Commissary Agency (DeCA). Fort Pickett, spread across approximately 41,000 acres, is operated by the Virginia National Guard.
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