Unlike ragtime, boogie-woogie is meant to be played with an eighth-note swing (instead of a straight beat). Around 1940, the swing era was percolating, which absorbed some of the boogie-woogie styles. But first, let’s look at 12-bar blues as it relates to boogie-woogie music. Once upon a time we looked at an overview of American music history, where we discussed Jazz, Rock and other American-born genres. This song would help the genre lean into rockabilly later. Through the 30s and 40s every big band had one or two boogie-woogie features, many of which became hits, like the Andrews Sisters "Bear Me Daddy 8 to the Bar" and later "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy". Non Jonn’s website also has an excellent boogie-woogie history section. The Charlie Daniels Band has a song called “Boogie Woogie Fiddle Country Blues” released in 1988, and Brooks & Dunn had “Boot Scootin’ Boogie in 1991. In 2010, Marshall, Texas, enacted an official declaration for being the birthplace of boogie-woogie music, and the city is now investing in further research as well as making it a tourist attraction. These terms are consistent with the strong beat and wild dancing common to boogie woogie music. This Texan style differentiated from the slower New Orleans style of jazz and blues. The “Texas and Pacific” bassline, boogie-woogie’s most well-known figure, was developed by piano players performing at the boarding house for workers building the Texas and Pacific bridge. It tended to be wild, unpolished, and oftentimes performed on old and out-of-tune pianos. This is our first bassline to mix both quarter notes and eighth notes up. By the 1950s, boogie became incorporated into the emerging rockabilly and rock and roll styles. For the genre, see, A basic boogie rhythm riff (0:19; Ogg Vorbis, 154 KB), A basic boogie lead riff (0:15; Ogg Vorbis, 134 KB), The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition copyright 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company, Updated in 2009, and Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003 CITED IN, Webster's Third New International Dictionary, "STATUS QUO - Unique, Detailed Biography - MusicMight", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Boogie&oldid=981264555, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 October 2020, at 08:16. For example, if you’re in the key of C, the “I” chord, or first chord, is C. The IV chord would be F (since F is four notes up from C), and the V chord would be G (since G is 5 notes up from C). In boogie-woogie, the left hand features repeated rhythms, also known as an ostinato or "chains" This activist spurred the boogie-woogie revival of the 1930s with his concert From Spirituals to Swing: Since this song became a hit, it helped establish the connection between the term “boogie-woogie” and the style of music. Our Texas and Pacific bassline was a walking pattern that looked like this: And the Swamp Poodle is identical, but now we’re rocking octaves. I hope you enjoyed this look at Boogie-Woogie music. This is a variation on “The Marshall” and would lead to “Texas and Pacific” bassline (also known as the “The Cows”), which is the most famous boogie-woogie figure. The performers included Big Toe Turner, Pete Johnson and Meade Lux Lewis. Looks can be deceiving with this one, though. In 1991 Brooks & Dunn released "Boot Scootin' Boogie". A standard 12-bar blues pattern looks like this: The Roman numerals represent a chord. From there it evolved into jump blues and finally rock n’ roll. Other boogie-woogie songs coming into popularity around this time included “Boo-Woo” and “Woo-Woo” by Harry James, Pete Johnson and Albert Ammons. It’s a short-and-sweet playlist at just an hour long with 22 songs – enough to give you a general idea of the genre. The first time the actual spelling of “boogie-woogie” was used was in 1928 with Pinetop’s Boogie Woogie, which also conveniently contained dance instructions in the lyrics. The Oxford English Dictionary states that the word is a redoubling of boogie, which was used for rent parties as early as 1913. Still four-to-a-bar, our pattern with The Hoxie is: It’s basically a chord plus the sixth note. For example, a C chord, C E G (1-3-5) plus A (6). It’s a simple four-beats-to-the-bar figure. And “The Marshall” is the first, most primitive bassline of boogie-woogie which we’ll talk about shortly. We have “boog” and “booga”, meaning to beat a drum. 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